Published On: Sun, Apr 7th, 2013

Histroy of Android Mobile OS Versions – Evolution of Android

Evolution is a process of every commodity and individual that goes from being to talk of the town. Nothing can become commercially acclaimed and not evolve at the same time. Here is a study of Android’s evolution, the Android History.

Histroy of Android Mobile OS

Android was founded by a group of individuals namely Rich Miner, Nick Sears, Chris White and Andy Rubin in Palo Alto, California, USA in October 2003. They weren’t new to the field unlike other major successes. Nick Sears was once the Vice President of T-Mobile, Chris White was the head of design and interface development at WebTV, Rich Miner was the co-founder of Wildfire Communications and Andy Rubin the co-founder of Danger, a mobile computing corporation.

Despite of their reputation and experience their project Android was kept a secret except for general information of mobile based software. The goal of Android was to make mobile devices smarter and tend to user preferences more flexibly.

Evolution of Android Mobile OS 


In August, 2005 Android Inc. was wholly acquired by Google Inc. With the exception of Nick Sears, rest of the founders retained their positions. Being almost anonymous until the acquisition, the assumption of many was Google’s venture into the mobile market. Rubin used the Linux Kernel to develop a platform for mobile devices. The Android platform was initially marketed to a bunch of carriers and handset makers including T-Mobile and HTC which later released the platform on their service. Google wanted it to be an open software welcoming developers to constantly enhance the operating system.

Speculation was rife about Google’s venture into the mobile phone market and a possible Google phone was floating in the news. In November 2007 an Open Handset Alliance was formed. It was an alliance of technology companies of which Google was a part. It included Samsung and HTC in the device manufacturers’ category, T-Mobile, Nextel and Sprint the wireless carriers, Texas Instruments and Qualcomm as the chipset makers. Their goal was at aimed at development of open standards concerning mobile devices.

After a week, Google unveiled Android as a mobile platform developed on Linux Kernel 2.6. It was the first of the subsequent products of the Open Handset Alliance.

HTC Dream was the first mobile phone running on the Android operating system. It was released in October, 2008. Android 1.1 was released on HTC Dream with T-Mobile as the carrier.
There have several updates to the operating system, each adding an improvement and features while bugs found in previous versions are fixed.

History of Android Versions 

Major upgrades are named after desserts (or sugary treats) and are in an alphabetical order. Namely:

  • Android 1.5 Cupcake – 30 April, 2009
  • Android 1.6 Donut – 15 September, 2009
  • Android 2.0 Éclair – 26 October, 2009
  • Android 2.2 Froyo – 20 May, 2010
  • Android 2.3 Gingerbread – 6 December, 2010
  • Android 3.0 Honeycomb – 22 Feb, 2011
  • Android 4.0.1 Ice Cream Sandwich (ICS) – 19 October, 2011
  • Android 4.1 Jelly Bean (JB) – 27 June, 2012
  • Android Key Lime Pie (yet to be released)

The Android OS, used on Tablets and Mobile Phones, found a family device in the form of Google Nexus. First launched in 2010, Nexus is a series of tablets and smartphones made by Google and also manufactured by partners like LG, Samsung and HTC.
Used on numerous devices, Android has more sales than its competitor Apple’s iOS and continues to surge forward.

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